The painting was inspired by the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern Spain, by German and Italian warplanes in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. The Spanish Republican government commissioned Picasso to create a large mural for the Spanish display at the 1937 World's Exhibition in Paris. In modern art, Guernica is the most powerful invective against violence, terrorism and abuse of power.
However, even though the majority of the people are familiar with this Spanish town through the painting of Picasso, Guernica earned her place in history long before that. It was the main port from which Columbus set sail with his Armada to discover the majority of the Caribbean.


The building which you are going to visit has it's own place in the history of Bonaire. The original construction is over 150 years old and even though renovations and adjustments were made in the past to make it more suitable for hospitality services, the major part of the building remained in it's original shape. The entire building is made of coral stones, build with seawater. The salt, that still remains in the walls, is constantly working, pushing away the cement and paint to find it's way out.

In the early 1950's the building was bought by the family "Heitkönig", and remained in their possession ever since. The part of the building where you are going to be, was the old souvenir shop of mister Heitkönig.
He was well known on the island for his handicraft and original designs, all made from natural materials. When Bonaire became more known for it's diving, the shop of Mister Heitkönig was one of the first shops on the island to sell dive equipment. He was also well known for his beautiful jewellery made of black coral, which was found in the deep waters of Bonaire.



The painting "La Guernica"

Picasso, photographed at work

The building "La Guernica"