The painting was inspired
by the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern
Spain, by German and Italian warplanes in 1937, during the Spanish
Civil War. The Spanish Republican government commissioned Picasso to
create a large mural for the Spanish display at the 1937 World's
Exhibition in Paris. In modern
art, Guernica is the most powerful invective against violence,
terrorism and abuse of power.
However, even though the majority of the people are familiar with
this Spanish town through the painting of Picasso, Guernica earned
her place in history long before that.
It was the main port from which Columbus set sail with his
Armada to discover the majority of the Caribbean.
ABOUT THE BUILDING
The building which you are
going to visit has it's own place in the history of Bonaire. The
original construction is over 150 years old and even though
renovations and adjustments were made in the past to make it more
suitable for hospitality services, the major part of the building
remained in it's original shape. The entire building is made of
coral stones, build with seawater. The salt, that still remains in
the walls, is constantly working, pushing away the cement and paint
to find it's way out.
In the early 1950's the building was bought by the family "Heitkönig",
and remained in their possession ever since. The part of the
building where you are going to be, was the old souvenir shop of
He was well known on the island for his handicraft and original
designs, all made from natural materials. When Bonaire became more
known for it's diving, the shop of Mister Heitkönig was one of the
first shops on the island to sell dive equipment. He was also well
known for his beautiful jewellery made of black coral, which was
found in the deep waters of Bonaire.